Coty Inc. reports fourth quarter fiscal 2018 results

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Coty Inc. reports
fourth quarter fiscal
and full year results
August 21, 2018

Coty Inc. Reports Fiscal 2018 Fourth Quarter and Full Year Results
Strong FY18 progress on operating performance and business integration
NEW YORK - August 21, 2018-- Coty Inc. (NYSE: COTY) today announced financial results for the fourth quarter and fiscal year ended June 30, 2018.
• FY18 reported net revenues of $9,398.0 million increased by 22.8% with like-for-like (LFL) revenue growth of 0.4% driven by a very strong performance in the Luxury division, which delivered 6.0% LFL growth, a solid 1.7% LFL growth by the Professional Beauty division, offset by a 4.0% LFL decline in the Consumer Beauty division revenues.
• Reported 4Q18 net revenues of $2,299.4 million grew by 2.6% and increased by 0.3% on a LFL basis, driven by very good 5.3% growth in Luxury, 2.1% growth in Professional Beauty, offset by a 3.4% decline in Consumer Beauty. 4Q18 growth for Consumer and Professional Beauty was impacted by the Brazilian trucker strike and short term supply chain disruptions resulting from the consolidation of warehouses and planning centers in North America and Europe, as the ex P&G business is integrated into Coty.
Gross Margin
• FY18 reported gross margin of 61.6% increased by 120 bps from 60.4% in the prior-year. Our FY18 adjusted gross margin of 62.3% decreased by 10bps as solid improvement in the Luxury and Professional Beauty divisions, together with the capture of synergies, was offset by operating de-leverage in the Consumer Beauty division.
• 4Q18 reported gross margin of 61.0% increased by 10bps versus the prior year, while the adjusted gross margin of 61.9% decreased by 20bps from 4Q17, primarily driven by the supply chain disruptions.
Operating Income:
• FY18 reported operating income of $161.2 million improved from a reported loss of $(437.8) million, and the 4Q18 operating loss of $(61.8) million improved from $(279.0) million in the prior year period as our restructuring and acquisition-related costs decreased.
• FY18 adjusted operating income of $999.8 million grew by 29% from $772.8 million in the prior year, with the adjusted operating margin expanding 50 bps to 10.6% in FY18.
• The 4Q18 adjusted operating income of $229.4 million more than doubled from $90.1 million in the prior-year period, with 600bps of adjusted operating margin expansion to 10.0%.
Net Income:
• FY18 reported net loss of $(168.8) million improved from $(422.2) million in the prior-year, and the 4Q18 reported net loss of $(181.3) million improved from $(304.8) million in the prior period.
• The FY18 adjusted net income of $516.3 million grew 26% from $408.5 million in the prior year driven by operating income improvement.
• 4Q18 adjusted net income of $106.6 million improved from a loss of $(3.4) million in the prior year period.
Earnings Per Share (EPS):
• Our FY18 reported earnings per share of $(0.23) improved from $(0.66) in the prior-year, the 4Q18 reported EPS of $(0.24) improved from $(0.41) in the prior-year period. The FY18 adjusted EPS of $0.69 grew from $0.63 in the prior year, and the 4Q18 adjusted EPS of $0.14 improved from $0.00 in the prior year period.
Operating Cash Flow & Net Debt:
• In FY18, net cash provided by operating activities was $413.7 million, down from $757.5 million in FY17 which benefited from over $400 million related to the timing lag between one-time costs accruals and the associated cash outlay. 4Q18 cash from operations totaled $224.8 million, up $174.0 million from $50.8 million in the prior year period. Net debt of $7,291.6 million on June 30, 2018 increased by $611.4 million from the balance of $6,680.2 million on June 30, 2017.
Outlook and Management Comments
Commenting on the financial results, Camillo Pane, CEO, said: “Coty made good progress in fiscal year 2018 although much remains to be done. We delivered our target of modest like-for-like net revenue growth and, importantly, a very healthy improvement in adjusted operating margin in the second half of the year.
Transformation after an immensely complex merger takes time. After exiting the Transitional Services Agreement with P&G in calendar 2017, we are building and streamlining back office processes, upgrading systems, optimizing our manufacturing and logistics, and overall, simplifying our operations. In parallel, we are investing in our brands and starting to transform our digital capabilities to fuel sustainable growth.
While we work on the full turnaround of the new Coty, we are pleased with the significant progress we have made in under two years and expect the integration to be largely completed by the end of FY19. The first half of our synergies commitment has been delivered as planned by FY18 and we are now focused on enhancing operating income growth by delivering the remaining synergies and returning the business to low single digit LFL net revenue growth. This level of top line growth, combined with our ongoing focus on reducing costs even after the synergies are fully delivered, underpins our medium term target of achieving a high teens adjusted operating margin.
Against this backdrop, we view FY19 as an important step in the right direction to achieve our medium term ambitions. For FY19, we are targeting well over 100 bps of adjusted operating margin expansion, which, combined with our target of flat to modest LFL net revenue growth would deliver mid-teens adjusted operating income growth. Our FY19 EPS target of $0.74 - 0.78 is fully consistent with this level of adjusted operating income growth. Financial performance across quarters in FY19 will not be linear. The peak of the impact of the supply chain disruptions due to our logistics and manufacturing consolidation will come in 1Q19, with a smaller tail end in 2Q19. This will have a significant impact on both top and bottom line, and together with the impact of our brand rationalization program, is expected to drive a low teens decline in our 1Q19 adjusted operating income year over year. Having said that, we do expect that these business integration related impacts will be largely over by the end of first half 2019 and our FY19 targets take these disruptions into consideration.
With respect to integration costs, we continue to expect total costs of approximately $1.3 billion, and as of FY18, we have accrued $1.15 billion of these costs, with the remaining costs expected in FY19-20. To further boost our net revenue growth and operating margins, we are now announcing a new cost savings program, which is fully independent from our P&G integration efforts. This new program will add $250 million in restructuring charges and is expected to deliver up to $150 million of gross savings over a 3 year period. Part of the gross savings will be used to fuel strategic investments such as those in the digital and e-commerce areas. After re-investments, this will result in expected total net savings of approximately $60 million over the next 3 years.
Now that the merger integration is nearing completion, we are also turning our attention to enhancing our cash flow and reducing Coty’s leverage. In this regard, we have set ourselves a target of achieving below 4.0x Net Debt/ Adjusted EBITDA ratio by the end of calendar 2020, down from our current ratio of 5.27x.
As we complete the final stages of our integration and deliver the associated synergies, we are focused on rejuvenating our core business and amplifying our growth potential, by supporting and strengthening our brands, developing a stronger innovation pipeline, advancing our end-to-end digital transformation, and expanding our presence in the faster-growing emerging markets.
The strategic and financial improvements we are making to our business reaffirm our confidence in Coty’s potential to be a leader and challenger in the beauty industry while delivering meaningful short and long term financial results.”
* As compared to combined Coty and P&G Beauty Business net revenues (herein defined as "Combined Company"). These measures, as well as “adjusted gross margin”, “adjusted operating income”, “Net Debt / Adjusted EBITDA ratio”, and “free cash flow,” are Non-GAAP Financial Measures. Refer to “Non-GAAP Financial Measures” for discussion of these measures. Reconciliations from reported to adjusted results can be found at the end of this release. “NM” indicates calculation not meaningful.

Fiscal 2018 Divisional Business Review

In FY18, reported Luxury net revenues of $3,210.5 million increased by 25.1% versus the prior year. On a LFL basis, Luxury net revenues grew by 6.0% in FY18 fueled by strong momentum in all regions and Travel Retail. Luxury’s growth in FY18 was powered by the success of Gucci Bloom and Tiffany, strong performance in Calvin Klein and philosophy, and excellent innovation execution across other global brands including Chloe Nomade and Marc Jacob’s Daisy Love, each of which gained share in 4Q18. Growth in emerging markets was particularly strong during FY18, with Luxury brands growing low double digits in ALMEA driven by both fragrance and skin care. We also had a great performance in Luxury e-commerce revenues in FY18 led by excellent growth in the US, Germany, the UK and China, where we have forged successful partnerships with key local players.
In 4Q18, reported Luxury revenues increased by 14.6% versus the prior year, while LFL growth was 5.3% during the same period. Our brands were particularly strong in Europe and North America in the fourth quarter with great performances in the U.S., U.K., China, France, Latin America and Travel Retail. Growth was led by the Gucci, Tiffany, philosophy, Chloe and Marc Jacobs brands.
The Luxury division delivered reported operating income of $248.7 million in FY18, an increase of 57% versus FY17, while adjusted operating income was $393.8 million, a growth of 39% from the prior-year. The adjusted operating margin was 12.3%, growing 130 bps versus FY17, driven by gross margin expansion, synergy delivery, and fixed cost reductions.  In 4Q18, reported operating income grew from $(43.8) million to $47.5 million, while adjusted operating income increased from $10.0 million to $78.1 million, again supported by net revenue growth and fixed cost management. The adjusted operating margin in 4Q18 was 10.5%.
We remain excited about the prospects for the Burberry brand. While not fully finished, we have made significant progress in reducing Burberry trade inventory since acquiring the business in October 2017.
In FY18, our Consumer Beauty reported net revenues totaled $4,268.1 million, growing 15.7%, but declining 4.0%  on a LFL basis. Since the completion of the P&G Beauty transaction, we have made progress towards stabilizing the Consumer Beauty business, with LFL performance improving from (10%) in FY17 to (4%) in FY18. The (3.4%) LFL Consumer Beauty performance in 4Q18 reflected a moderate sequential improvement compared to the (4.5%) LFL performance in the prior nine months. However, it is clear that the recovery is taking longer than expected. Contributing to this delay are external conditions including the decline of the mass beauty market in Europe and North America, increasingly strong competition, and an evolving retail environment that has shifted towards specialty retailers and e-commerce. Performance has also been impacted by internal factors such as short term supply chain disruption and the longer time required to rejuvenate global brands that have sustained multi-year declines. While FY18 was a step in the right direction, we are not satisfied with our results, and we will continue to drive for a better outcome in FY19 in particular by targeting revenue growth in ALMEA, overall e-commerce, and Younique.
In FY18, our Consumer Beauty Europe and North America regions - which together account for over 70% of the division’s net revenues - declined mid to high single digits. This decline occurred against the backdrop of a weak underlying mass beauty market, which declined in the low single digits in Europe and North America across our key color cosmetics, retail hair, body care, and mass fragrance brands. Our emerging markets ALMEA region was stable for Consumer Beauty, as strong double digit growth in most ALMEA markets was offset by decline in Brazil, following our strategic intervention on inventory and pricing, and the recent trucker strike. However Brazil in-market performance continues to be very strong as we are gaining share and growing well ahead of the market. We also saw very strong e-commerce growth in the Consumer Beauty division, even excluding Younique.
As previously mentioned, the short-term supply chain disruptions pressured 4Q18 results. This has primarily impacted our Consumer Beauty division, and has resulted in our inability to meet all of the demand from our customers, with particular impact on the Rimmel, Max Factor and CoverGirl brands. The combination of this supply disruption and the Brazil trucker strike impacted the Consumer Beauty LFL trend in 4Q18. Nevertheless during the fourth quarter, net revenues for the Consumer Beauty North America division grew as we cycled favorable comparables in the prior year related to our 4Q17 TSA exit, while net revenues in ALMEA were flat as declines in Brazil offset strong momentum in the rest of the region, and Europe net revenues remained under pressure.
From a brand perspective, FY18 marked an important milestone for several of our color cosmetics brands, with color cosmetics in total accounting for close to half of the Consumer Beauty net revenues. As we execute our multi-year brand turnaround strategy for CoverGirl in North America, which accounts for a low teens percentage of total Consumer Beauty net revenues, FY18 saw the introduction of a new brand positioning, look, and communication in 2Q18, new in store displays and signage in 3Q18, and the ongoing roll-out of new packaging and innovation, beginning in 2H18 and continuing into 1H19. We continue to have great conviction in the new positioning of CoverGirl and our ability to support this iconic, beloved brand across the most relevant consumer touchpoints. Max Factor, whose key markets include Europe and ALMEA, benefited from a smaller scale relaunch in the second half of the year, resulting in modest growth for the Max Factor brand in FY18. Rimmel, which is present in all of our regions, declined in FY18 and 4Q18, as pockets of growth in certain European countries did not offset declines in the U.K. and U.S.
Within our retail hair brands, which in total account for less than 20% of our Consumer Beauty business, our leading brands Wella and Clairol were affected by different headwinds during the year. Our larger brand, Wella, was pressured by more limited innovation in FY18 but benefited from the brand's disproportionate exposure to faster growing emerging markets. Clairol, whose core geographies are the U.S. and the U.K., was pressured in FY18 but benefited from the 2Q18 relaunch of the Nice'N'Easy franchise, on the back of a breakthrough new formula, with the relaunch now largely implemented on shelf.
Younique, our online peer-to-peer social selling platform, accounts for just over 10% of Consumer Beauty net revenues and delivered strong growth in FY18 on a full year basis. We remain very excited about the role that Younique plays within Coty and are pleased with the performance of this partnership, although 4Q18 was a challenging quarter for Younique as we lapped one of the highest presenter quarters in 4Q17.
From a profit perspective, Consumer Beauty FY18 reported operating income grew 7% to $278.9 million and the adjusted operating income grew 16% to $411.1 million. The adjusted operating margin remained stable at 9.6%, as operating pressure on the core business and higher logistics costs were offset by the full year contribution from the higher-margin Younique brand. The 4Q18 reported operating income of $53.5 million declined 34%, while the adjusted operating income for the quarter of $93.6 million grew 44%. This resulted in an adjusted operating margin of 8.8%, a 300 bps increase versus the prior year period, which was driven by a strong effort in fixed cost control.
Professional Beauty FY18 net revenues of $1,919.4 million increased by 37.5% from $1,395.5 million in the prior year, with LFL growth of 1.7%. FY18 was a solid year for the Professional Beauty division, driven by good growth by our hair brands and mid-single digit growth of our OPI nail brand. We were particularly pleased with the high single digit growth of our business in ALMEA where OPI and Wella performed particularly well. Our ghd business had solid growth in FY18, on the back of good performance in Europe, with the business ending with a positive 4Q18. The Wella Professionals brand had a great year in FY18 and 4Q18, as we saw solid growth from both our Color and Care franchises, and an encouraging result for innovations such as WellaPlex. Our OPI sales were driven by a very strong performance from our OPI Gel Color portfolio which is performing well in both developed and emerging markets.
4Q18 reported revenues of $492.6 million grew by 5.4% on a reported basis and 2.1% LFL, a strong end to the year and the fifth consecutive quarter of growth. Our hair brands delivered good growth in North America in 4Q18, while ALMEA growth was low double digits in the same period, driven by great performances in Japan, Latin America, India and China. OPI grew mid-single digits in 4Q18, including robust growth in Europe and ALMEA.
Professional Beauty reported operating income was $119.4 million in FY18, a growth of 52% versus the prior year, while adjusted operating income grew 45% to $194.9 million. In 4Q18, reported operating income was $36.2 million while adjusted operating income was $57.7 million. The Professional Beauty Adjusted Operating margin of 10.2% grew 60 bps during FY18 driven by good fixed cost reduction.
North America
  • Reported net revenues increased 4.0% compared to the prior year and increased 3.5% on a constant currency basis, driven primarily by the contributions from Younique and Burberry, the on-going success of Tiffany & Co. and Gucci Bloom and certain mass fragrances, partially offset by declines in U.S. color cosmetics. OPI was also a contributor.
  • Reported net revenues increased 15.1% compared to the prior year and increased 2.7% on a constant currency basis driven primarily by incremental revenues from the success of fragrances including Tiffany & Co. and Gucci Bloom as well as Max Factor.
  • Reported net revenues increased 7.0% compared to the prior year and increased 4.8% on a constant currency basis reflecting incremental revenues from fragrances driven by the launches of Tiffany & Co. and Gucci Bloom, and higher revenues from color cosmetics driven by Max Factor in China, partially offset by lower revenues in Brazil.
Cash Flows
• In FY18, net cash provided by operating activities was $413.7 million, down from $757.5 million in FY17 which benefited from over $400 million related to the timing lag between one-time costs accruals and the associated cash outlay. The FY18 result reflects the improvement in profitability which was partially offset by a deterioration of our operating working capital of approximately $100 million. 4Q18 cash from operations totaled $224.8 million, up $174.0 million from $50.8 million in the prior year period.
• Our FY18 free cash flow of $(32.7) million decreased from $325.2 million in the prior year driven by the reduction in operating cash flow. 4Q18 free cash flow of $97.1 million increased from $(57.5) million in the prior year period.
• In FY18, we distributed $375.8 million in quarterly dividends, including a distribution of $94 million paid on June 14, 2018.
• Cash and cash equivalents of $331.6 million decreased by $203.8 million compared to June 30, 2017, as we moved cash from foreign subsidiaries to Coty Inc. Total debt of $7,623.2 million increased by $407.6 million, with net debt of $7,291.6 million up $611.4 million from the balance of $6,680.2 million on June 30, 2017. This net debt increase reflects the acquisition of the Burberry Beauty business in October 2017 for $245.1 million, the annual dividend outflow of $376 million, negative free cash flow of $(32.7) million, which was partially offset by proceeds of $33 million from the sale of Playboy and Cerruti in 4Q18.
P&G Integration Update
Update on Progress
FY18 was an important year in the integration of the P&G Beauty business. Since the closing of the transaction, we have embarked on an incredibly ambitious and complex transformation which involved fundamental changes to and simplification of our business processes; a full organizational redesign; a comprehensive upgrade of our information systems to allow Coty to run on a single platform; a full Supply Chain reorganization agenda, and multiple route-to-market conversions. All of these changes have enabled the simplification of our expanded footprint and processes and have underpinned the delivery of our committed synergies. In the last 18 months, we have accomplished a huge amount as we substantially optimized and restructured our supply and logistics footprint and exited TSAs with P&G in all 3 regions. We did this unprecedented level of transformation in a relatively short period of time and with solid results.
The last step of our integration includes the completion of the one order, one shipment, one invoice program which will make Coty a fully integrated company, able to sell, ship and invoice all of our brands in a seamless way for our customers. It will allow significant simplification for our employees and customers and increase our scalability potential. With this final step, Coty will complete the most complex integration in the beauty industry. We expect this "one order, one shipment, one invoice" integration process to be complete by the end of FY19.
We continue to expect cost synergies of approximately $750 million via procurement and supply chain savings as well as SG&A reductions. We are confirming our progress in achieving 50% of the $750 million of synergies by FY18, with $225 million having been achieved in FY18. We expect to realize the balance of the $375 million by the end of fiscal 2020 with $225 million expected to be achieved in FY19.
Additionally, we continue to target a working capital benefit of $500 million through FY20 and we have achieved approximately $470 million of working capital benefits over the course of FY17 and FY18.
Global Integration Costs
As we noted last quarter, we have fine-tuned our original estimate made 2 years ago and have broadened the scope of our global integration cost program, including further go-to-market changes, systems enhancements and costs connected to our one order, one shipment, one invoice program. We continue to expect to incur integration costs of approximately $1.3 billion, of which approximately $1.2 billion are expected to be cash costs. These are integration and acquisition related costs and are excluded from adjusted results. It is important to highlight that these costs are first accrued and then paid, such that the cash impact can lag the P&L impact.  As of FY18, we have accrued approximately $1.15 billion of costs, with the remaining still to come in FY19-20.  Of the expected $1.2 billion of cash costs, approximately $860 million has been paid through FY18.
One-time capex will remain in line with the original estimate of approximately $500 million, and as of FY18, we have incurred approximately $370 million, with the remainder expected to be deployed in FY19.
Noteworthy Company Developments
Other noteworthy company developments include:
• With the contraction of the business in FY17 and flattish results in FY18, we need to right-size our Fixed Cost base to align with our current top line reality and are thus announcing a new $250 million cost savings program. This program is being run independently from our P&G integration efforts and the previously communicated one-off cost program.  This restructuring program, together with our other synergy commitments, is meant to drive simplicity and generate flexibility in our P&L to be able to fuel strategic investments such as those in the digital and e-commerce areas. We expect to deliver up to $150 million of total gross savings in the next 3 years as a result of this program which will help to drive operating margin improvement, while also positioning Coty to succeed in a new business reality. We plan to reinvest a significant portion of these savings in our digital transformation agenda, which includes significant multi-year investments in talent acquisition, in-house content creation capabilities and product management systems that will fuel our e-commerce efforts. As a result of these investments, we would expect incremental net savings connected to the new cost restructuring program to be approximately $60 million in total over the next 3 years. Connected to this new program, we have already accrued $79 million of costs in FY18 and expect the majority of the remaining approximately $170 million to be recorded in FY19. In 4Q18 we had cash outflows of approximately $16 million in connection with this program and would expect the remaining cash flows to impact FY19 and FY20.
• On August 21, 2018 Coty announced a dividend of $0.125, payable on September 14, 2018 to stockholders of record at the close of business on August 31, 2018.
Conference Call
Coty Inc. will host a conference call at 8:00 a.m. (ET) today, August 21, 2018 to discuss its results. The dial-in number for the call is (855) 889-8783  in the U.S. or (720) 634-2929 internationally (conference passcode number: 8891589). The call will also be webcast live at http://investors.coty.com.  The conference call will be available for replay. The replay dial-in number is (855) 859-2056 in the U.S. or (404) 537-3406 outside the U.S. (conference passcode number: 8891589).
For more information:
About Coty Inc.
Forward Looking Statements
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
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